Thursday, August 27, 2020
Maybe one of the most novel times in world history was the Enlightenment, a timespan in which learned people like Voltaire, Adam Smith and Denis Diderot Ã¢â¬Å"Observed with phenomenal keenness the shades of malice and blemishes of human culture in their dayÃ¢â¬ (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, March and, and, 621) and looked to change the perspective of their age both socially and strategically. Those educated people accepted that by sharing a goal to spread information, human decisions could oppose obliviousness. Today, the standards of those Enlightenment scholars have become the establishment of many, if not every single human culture. We will compose a custom exposition test on Essential Source Analysis: the French Revolution and Human Rights or then again any comparable point just for you Request Now The Enlightenment greatly affected the world, particularly on Europeans who were standard to old acts of fixed social pecking orders, in which the ruler held supreme force. The information picked up from this scholarly development realized numerous adjustments in the public eye. Minority gatherings, for example, ladies Ã¢â¬Å"gained trust in their own worthinessÃ¢â¬to make craftsmanship, to compose books, to watch the world precisely, and maybe even standard their statesÃ¢â¬ (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, Marchand, and, 619). The Enlightenment additionally made ready for a more current methodology towards the idea of human rights. People were conceded sure individual rights known as their Ã¢â¬Å"natural rightsÃ¢â¬ that was consistently helpful by law. Prior to the French Revolution, European societies were limited by Ã¢â¬Å"two significant organizations: the Catholic and Protestant houses of worship and the dynastic court systemsÃ¢â¬ (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, Marchand, 617) where individual rights were given dependent on social statuses. The Enlightenment impacted the idea of human rights in France in that society had a superior consciousness of their reality, which added to the development of social aspirations, for example, ladies shaping political clubs to banter for social and political uniformity. Conventional administering thoughts were bit by bit supplanted by new overseeing dreams to ensure the regular privileges of residents over the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s authority. For example, earlier Ã¢â¬Å"traditional Christian faith in unique sin and GodÃ¢â¬â¢s strange alterations with common powers and human eventsÃ¢â¬ (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, Marchand, 617) were deserted. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens was likewise settled, which helped changed the social and political structure of the nation. Also, and maybe the most impact the Enlightenment had on the idea of human rights in France was that it gave Ã¢â¬Å"freedom of religion, opportunity of the press, no tax imposition without any political benefit, end of over the top disciplines, and different protections against subjective administrationÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 77). Having been extraordinarily affected by the American War of Independence, Ã¢â¬Å"French officials who served in North America showed up home terminated by the standards of freedom that they found in real life in the New WorldÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 13). French agents met in 1789 with sacred standards embraced from Americans like Thomas Jefferson and George Mason, setting up the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens with an end goal to drive the Ã¢â¬Å"ideas of rights and freedoms in a progressively universalistic directionÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 13). A progressively Universalistic heading essentially implied supplanting beliefs of the old request with information picked up from the Enlightenment. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens enabled every French resident with secured freedoms and conceded all men correspondence under the law. It additionally proclaimed that the premise of all power rests in particular in the country. Moreover, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens award these rights, however Ã¢â¬Å"trumpeted singular rights, the standard of equity and associated all the more intently the idea of the individuals with the nationÃ¢â¬ (Tignor, Adelman, Aron, Kotkin, Marchand, 647). Clearly the archive had extraordinary hugeness. Before the revelation, political and social circumstances brought up issues that were frequently left unanswered, for the most part starting strains among government and society. FranceÃ¢â¬â¢s government depended on the old request, a government framework where feudalism was rehearsed and noble qualities were fundamental. Under such framework, Ã¢â¬Å"legitimacy relied upon the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s will and support of a noteworthy request that allowed benefits as indicated by positions and statusÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 15). The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens allowed all individuals of the French society balance under the law, yet the substance of those Ã¢â¬Å"true, basic regular privileges of humanityÃ¢â¬ stayed unclear (Hunt, 6). A few national congregations were held, yet not one of them recognized womenÃ¢â¬â¢s political rights. Or maybe, those gatherings evaded conceding ladies equivalent political rights. Ladies were as yet illegal Ã¢â¬Å"the rights to meet as a gathering, draft complaints, or voteÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 60). Accordingly, ladies, impacted by the announcement, bantered for explicit rights when Ã¢â¬Å"they saw the opening made by the meeting of the Estates General and wanted to make their cases for consideration in the guaranteed reformÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 60). Somewhere in the range of 1790 and 1791, individuals from a gathering called Cercle Social, framed by fomented sign, battled for equivalent political rights. Their battle uncovered oppression ladies that denied them equivalent rights in marriage and training. In that equivalent year (1791), female dissident Marie Olympe De Gouges gave the Declaration of the Rights of ladies with an end goal to demonstrate that ladies had been rejected from the gua rantees of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens. In her presentation, she mentioned that Ã¢â¬Å"The law ought to be the general will. All citizenesses and residents should take partÃ¢â¬ ¦in its development. It must be the equivalent for everybody. All citizenesses and residents, being equivalent in its eyes, ought to be similarly permissible to every single open pride, workplaces and employmentsÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 27). She contended that ladies and men were brought into the world equivalent in rights. Subsequently, ladies ought to have every one of those rights that a man appreciates, for example, holding open workplaces. Nonetheless, these activities of the Parisian ladies before long expanded the National ConventionÃ¢â¬â¢s pessimism towards ladies and their privileges. From October 29-30, 1793, the National Convention had a conversation about womenÃ¢â¬â¢s political clubs and canceled all womenÃ¢â¬â¢s clubs. They asserted that ladies were Ã¢â¬Å"hardly equipped for grandiose originations and cogitationsÃ¢â¬ in light of the fact that Ã¢â¬Å"their body and social job made them unsuited for open affairsÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 29). However, they felt compromised by womenÃ¢â¬â¢s composed political exercises. The Age of Enlightenment altogether changed the basics of European societies, and French society during the eighteenth century. It removed them from their ceremonies of the old system where government was overwhelmed by government. It figured thoughts on how the places of worship and the dynastic court frameworks could be changed. The Enlightenment additionally impacted the foundation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens. Notwithstanding, major inquiries concerning rights particularly that of ladies, stayed unanswered. The announcement did little to change the sub-par status of ladies. Ã¢â¬Å"None of the national congregations at any point considered enactment conceding political rights to ladies (who could neither vote nor hold office), and on a couple of events on which the chance emerged, anyway probably, the representatives welcomed it with far reaching scorn and incredulityÃ¢â¬ (Hunt, 27). Step by step instructions to refer to Primary Source Analysis: the French Revolution and Human Rights, Papers
Saturday, August 22, 2020
What is trouble? Misery is, in opposition to mainstream thinking, a characteristic feeling or feeling. Individuals feel misery at whatever point they lose something that they recently delighted in, for example, somebody they adored, or something as basic as a plush toy. This specific feeling is in reality bravo. It offers alleviation from the agony of the misfortune and it gives you some proportion of the significance of what youÃ¢â¬â¢ve lost. In Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury endeavors to make a general public that lives without pity. He tries to give everybody joy by disposing of contention and imbalance. Be that as it may, what the general public didn't perceive was the estimation of this bleak feeling. Fellow Montag, the focal character in the book, has figured out how to fit in with that the general public he lives in is so extremely inflexible and standard. Our Service Can Write a Custom Essay on Sadness for You! Anyway he in the long run understands that the general public he lives in isn't reasonable for a glad life. While trying to cement bliss, society got dehumanized through its relinquishment of human intuition, which amusingly made society become anesthetized. In the different endeavors to annul sorrow by the disposal of writing, all feelings in the public eye were obliterated. Previously, the general public had the option to understand books, and in this manner had no motivation to consume them. Hence houses were not flame resistant, and thusly Clarise suggests the way that fire fighters used to extinguish fires, not start them. (8.) Thus demonstrating that at one point in this general public, books were acknowledged and afterward in the end were restricted. While instruction doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t appear to be a terrible characteristic, it made disparity, which made individuals troubled. So as to clarify the abolishment of books, Beatty communicated to Montag, Technology, mass misuse, and minority pressure conveyed the stunt, express gratitude toward God. Today, because of them, you can remain upbeat all the timeÃ°â¢Ã° ¤ (58). As Beatty clarified, the administration used innovation, mass abuse, and minority strain to take out trouble. One guide to validate the announcement made by Beatty would be the utilization of the dog. The administration utilized the dog so as to discover and annihilate books, which would, as indicated by their general public, make equity and harmony. They accepted that the end of books would take care of everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s issues, and as a substitute for books utilized controlled innovation. Since there were no scholarly individuals, there would not be contention over the clarifications of thoughts, or thoughts themselves. Nonetheless, what he didn't represent was the way that without thought, there was no feeling, and hence no joy or pity. Joy and trouble transaction off of one another, there can't be bliss without something to differentiate it to. Accordingly, in the endeavor to fulfill everybody by killing writing, a definitive result was a general public that was basically all robots. These Ã¢â¬Å"robotsÃ¢â¬ were unequipped for fathoming individual history, and in this way had no feeling of the took a break. The hypothesis behind decimating a feeling of time was that in the event that nobody were to get a handle on schedule, at that point they would, in addition to other things, have no attention to maturing, and everybody would be cheerful. Be that as it may, surprisingly in doing so individuals were distraught nor tragic, just impassive. In the discussion among Montag and Mildred the morning after the difficulty with MildredÃ¢â¬â¢s blood cleaning, Mildred can't recall the occasions of the previous night and in this manner questions, Ã¢â¬Å"Last night-What about last night?Ã¢â¬ (19). Mildred had no memory of time or of past occasions and thusly nobody knows whether Mildred was miserable or just couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t recollect. The endeavor to kill misery didn't work, in light of the fact that since she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t recall that anything in the past she couldn Ã¢â¬â¢t recollect the awful things, yet she likewise couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t recall the cheerful occasions. The two in this way killed themselves between the upbeat and the miserable causing Mildred to be detached or even once in a while discouraged. It is very difficult to carry on with a glad life when you canÃ¢â¬â¢t recollect any of the past upbeat minutes in light of the dehumanization dazzled onto society. Tragically, this dehumanization made individuals much increasingly discouraged, on the grounds that it could cause them physical mischief, also it could cause them enthusiastic damage since they will most likely be unable to recall glad minutes. The preeminent outcome of the motorization of society was that the emotions about existence and passing turned out to be more depersonalized. To many, demise is an exceptionally close to home and passionate occasion. Opposite, however, in MontagÃ¢â¬â¢s society, passing was totally depersonalized. Individuals infrequently were influenced by death, in any case, simply proceeded with their standard life since they accepted that passing was simply one more Ã¢â¬Å"thingÃ¢â¬ that occurred throughout everyday life. While depersonalizing passing, the expectation was to dispense with the misery that accompanied it, and hence fulfill everybody. While it eliminated the bitterness, it additionally dispensed with the satisfaction that accompanied life. Individuals had no motivation to esteem life, since they accepted didnÃ¢â¬â¢t consider the chance of dieing, since it was such a minor piece of life. While examining the possibility of death, and looking further, it is basically a summit of life. In any case, since the residents couldn't recall life, the possibility of death was changed. In their psyches they lived for one minute, and along these lines when somebody kicked the bucket, nothing basically passed on the grounds that nothing basically lived. Mildred explains the philosophy of society by communicating her sentiments about the lady Montag killed. Ã¢â¬Å"SheÃ¢â¬â¢s nothing to me; she shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have had books. It was her obligation, she shouldÃ¢â¬â¢ve thought of that.Ã¢â¬ (51). Mildred wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t at all worried that someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life was simply taken, she was worried that Montag was wiped out as a result of her. This plainly outlines the belief system of society in that nobody thought about death, it wa snÃ¢â¬â¢t glad nor was it an especially miserable time. So at long last, since nobody comprehended that passing was really a disastrous occasion, nobody in this way treasured life and lived nonchalantly, disturbed nor tragic. Inevitably Montag handles the way that his general public is incredibly degenerate because of the automation and dehumanization. There are different causes, which lead to the destruction of an ordinary society, and lead to the general public predominant in F451, which depends on innovation and relinquishes human intuition. Accordingly, the residents have become non-undermining, non-fascinating people who can be effortlessly driven and controlled through dread. The plan was to wipe out pity however the final product were people with positively no feelings.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Student Research and Thesis Help Are KeyStudent research, thesis help and scholarly communication are all important to academe. It is important for the success of the student as it is for the success of their course of study. However, it is necessary that students be able to attain the success they have been striving for. Studying hard will help them achieve this.Thesis Assistance: Student research is one of the more challenging assignments to complete. This makes it necessary that a student's thesis would be delivered in an exemplary manner. They must have the opportunity to be reviewed on their findings and changes made. This helps give a student the impression that their thesis is on their roadmap to success and prepares them for their next assignment and level of learning.Student Assemblies: Scholarship requirements often require that a student set a goal or study subject prior to graduation. This is very helpful to the student to note any weak areas they might need help with. In doing so, the student is helping themselves to attain their full potential as a student.Comprehensive Research: It is crucial that the student be able to document their work. This is to ensure that they are able to present the work they have accomplished and receive credit accordingly. This can also help to pave the way to their chosen career path.Assessments: Scholarship requirements often include an essay or even a scholarly journal. Students will need to have this done to gain credit. Once again, this helps make them feel as if they are getting the benefit out of all the hard work they have put into the project.Discussion Boards: Discussion boards are a great place for students to share and understand their peers' work. It gives them a chance to communicate with other students in a public forum. This is important as it gives them an opportunity to ask questions or provide constructive criticism to other students' work.Of course, thesis projects often require the student to bring in outside help. This is a good way to show the support of their faculty or the school in the form of a professional. The outside help of an outside professional will also prove to the rest of the faculty and students in their school that the student is willing to cooperate in order to finish the project.These are just a few of the various different research papers that a student could have to write and all of them are necessary for a student to achieve their goal of being a successful student. It is important that they be able to set goals and get help from those professionals who are going to help them meet those goals.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Rhetorical Analysis: DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frozen Walt Disney Productions prestige is to never disappoint and their latest movie Frozen, is no exception. The movie centers around the lives of two sisters, kind-hearted Anna and the frightened Snow Queen Elsa. Fearless Anna sets off on a journey to find her sister, who flees to an icy mountain after she accidentally traps the kingdom of Arendelle in an eternal winter with her ice powers. DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s 2013 animated film reeled in its target audience and more; the film intended to appeal to childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s of all ages surprisingly enough enticed a wider audience largely comprised of non-families. DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation for promoting happiness and the well-being of American families led to the direct success of the movie Frozen. The film met its purpose, depicting a touching storyline Ã¢â¬â showing the importance of family and undermining the traditional concept of Ã¢â¬Å"true love.Ã¢â¬ Furthermore, Walt Disney Productions established sufficient credibility within its view ers and audience with the use of artistic proofs such as; ethos, logos, and pathos. DisneyÃ¢â¬â¢s tradition is to provide the audience with an educational piece of entertainment, Frozen is undeniably one of those Disney animated films worth seeing. Walt Disney Productions strategic use of rhetoric made it evident that the movie was going to be an all-time hit Ã¢â¬â some may even say Ã¢â¬Å"the biggest childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s film of all timeÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â simply because it was just that, a Disney movie. Frozen became the heart melting,Show MoreRelatedReed Supermarket Case32354 Words Ã |Ã 130 Pagesa cult icon 2.3 Video case study: TOMS Shoes Questions for discussion References viii CONTENTS 3 Internationalization theories Learning objectives 3.1 Introduction 3.2 The Uppsala internationalization model 3.3 The transaction cost analysis model 3.4 The network model 3.5 Internationalization of SMEs 3.6 Born globals 3.7 Internationalization of services 3.8 Summary Case studies 3.1 Cryos: they keep the stork busy around the world 3.2 Classic Media: internationalization of Postman PatRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 PagesLine 58 Understanding and Appreciating Individual Differences Important Areas of Self-Awareness 61 Emotional Intelligence 62 Values 65 Ethical Decision Making and Values 72 Cognitive Style 74 Attitudes Toward Change 76 Core Self-Evaluation 79 SKILL ANALYSIS 84 Cases Involving Self-Awareness 84 Communist Prison Camp 84 Computerized Exam 85 Decision Dilemmas 86 SKILL PRACTICE 89 Exercises for Improving Self-Awareness Through Self-Disclosure 89 Through the Looking Glass 89 Diagnosing Managerial Characteristics
Thursday, May 14, 2020
|Francis Marion University | |Exposure of the Accounting Profession To Increasing Liability | |Response of the Profession | | | | Kim Taylor | |4/30/2010Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The purpose of this endeavor was to examine the current status of the accounting profession, envision a more favorable future situation, and then determine the necessary strategy to follow in attaining this. The consensus of the committee was that the expectations from audits were too high. They went on to elaborate on the lack of precision and exactness of financial statements and that the public was demanding a degree of certainty in their audits that could not be achieved. This has historically been labeled the Ã¢â¬Å"expectations gapÃ¢â¬ They concluded that although auditors were not totally responsible for the scandals in 2000 and beyond, Ã¢â¬Å"all too many independent auditors lost their autonomy and judgment- and ended by blurring the line between right and wrong.Ã¢â¬ They described the audit as becoming a Ã¢â¬Å"commodity with little intrinsic value,Ã¢â¬ used to facilitate managementÃ¢â¬â¢s objective of releasing misleading financial statements. , and concluded that accounting self-regulation had failed in these instances. They also expressed concern about auditing practices of the Big Four. They said that firms such as these fail to effectively use their resources since experienced auditors often are not on the job site where they are most needed to detectShow MoreRelatedHistorical Development Of Fair Value Measurement1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesentities should determine the fair value of financial instruments for reporting purposes. This paper discusses the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Exposure Draft issued on December 3, 2015 which proposed amendments to Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework Ã¢â¬â Changes to the Disclosure Requirements. The paper analyzes some of the key points of the exposure draft, among other things, the history and development the concept of fair value management, the necessity of the amendmentsRead MorePrincipal vs Rule Based Accounting1733 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAn Insight on IFRS versus U.S GAAP amp; Implications of IFRS adoption on Fi nancial Statement and Accounting Quality Q2) Principle and rule-based accounting reflect different approaches to accounting. The pros and cons of rule-based accounting (RBA) and principle-based accounting (PBA) are as discussed. 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Audit is, therefore, an examination of accounting records undertaken with a view to establishing whether they correctly and completely reflect the transactions. Most importantly, an external audit tests whether or not a company is adhering to professional standards and generally acceptable accounting principles and holds a true and fair view. Auditing is an assurance provided by an independent third party to the StakeholdersRead MorePrivate Sector vs Public Sector Accounting3812 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesPRIVATE SECTOR VS PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTING STANDARD 1. INTRODUCTION The global financial crisis has demonstrated that the public sector as well as the private sector needs the highest quality accounting standards. Around the world, accounting in the public sector is practiced in diverse ways and struggles to achieve comparable standard in accountability and transparency. The Securities Act of 1933 gave the commission the authority to prescribe accounting standards to be followed by the companiesRead MoreQuestions On Historical Criticisms Of Derivatives Essay1490 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Derivatives tend to be an intricate topic in accounting. So to begin, a very basic understanding of a derivative is that they are a binding contract between two or more parties. The contract is for a future transaction of some underlying financial asset. The purpose for companies to implement derivatives are to aid them in managing risk by using a type of financial forwards, futures, options, or swaps. For example, a forward contract is when Company A believes Company BÃ¢â¬â¢s stock priceRead MoreAudit Disaster Futures: Antidotes for the Expectation Gap8505 Words Ã |Ã 35 Pagesfutures: antidotes for the expectation gap? Fran M. Wolf Associate Professor, Youngstown State University, Department of Accounting and Finance, Youngstown, Ohio, USA James A. 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In 1924, Fred Stern Co. approached a finance company named Ultramares Corporation for a loan of $100,000. Before accepting the terms, Ultramares Corp. requested an audited balance sheet to serve as support for the loan. A well-respected accounting firm named Touche, Niven Co. had provided assurance for their statement a few months earlier, which allowed the deal to go through. The following year, in January 1925, Fred Stern Co. filed for bankruptcy and Ultramares Corporation found itselfRead MoreDhjsj14297 Words Ã |Ã 58 Pagesis unclear, however, is whether auditing was sufficiently Ã¢â¬Å"brokenÃ¢â¬ in the first place to warrant the radical reforms and changes effected by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX). Despite a relatively small number of high profile corporate failures and accounting scandals such as Enron and WorldCom, the number of demonstrated audit failures as evidenced by successful li tigation or SEC sanctions approaches an annual failure rate of close to zero. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Edict of Milan was an order given by Emperor Constantine of the Roman Empire in the year 313. This order marked the acceptance for the Christian faith within the Roman Empire after decades of persecution. Its issuance led to Christianity becoming the dominant faith in the Roman Empire, as well as the most widely practiced religion in the world today. Unfortunately the end of the persecution of Christians was cause for the persecution of pagans, resulting in cultural, political, and scientific changes. The authors of Civilizations Past Present state that before the Edict of Milan, Rome was tolerant of other religions so long as they did not threaten the empire. Christianity, however, was regarded as dangerous to the social order and the empire itself. This is because the empire worshipped gods which were not included in the Christian faith (a monotheistic system of belief). Roman officials considered ChristiansÃ¢â¬â¢ refusal to sacrifice to Roman gods as a form of betrayal. Add itionally, Christians secluded themselves from the citizens of other faiths and denied their religions, claiming they were illegitimate. They were pacifistic individuals, refused to join the army and refused to attend events their faith decreed sinful. In the years from 23 February of AD 303 to 311, Emperor Diocletian banned Christianity throughout Rome and began the worst known persecution of its followers, condemning those who refused to sacrifice to the Roman godsShow MoreRelatedExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 Pagesbusiness and club activities, there would be three divisions: an international arm, encompassing radio, touring and record compilation; a brand division, focused on retail, product licensing and the Ministry website; and a marketing division, aiming to form long-term relationships with brands such as Philips and Bacardi. Rodol denied that the reorganisation was motivated by simple cost considerations, and underlined its importance for movi ng the brand forward towards long-term goals. Central would be
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Arthur Bruce McDonald Essay Arthur Macdonald is a Canadian astrophysicist. Born August 29, 1943 in Sydney, Nova Scotia, he obtained his Master of Science degree from Dalhousie University in 1964 and shortly after received a PhD from the California Institute of technology. He is currently the director of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Institute. He is most famous for proving neutrinos have mass. He did this by showing experimentally that they oscillate between different types of neutrinos (electron, muon and tau). After knowing that neutrinos oscillate though different types it is easy to show that they have mass: If they didnt the neutrinos would travel at the speed of light and wouldnt experience time (according to relativity). If this was true they wouldnt be able to oscillate between states, therefore they must have mass. He did this work in the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, a facility located 2.1 km underground made to solve the solar neutrino problem, which it did. The results he obtained from working th ere were of 5 significance meaning a chance of statistical error are smaller than 1 in a 1 000 000. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2015 for that work (it was shared with Professor Takaaki Kajita). His contribution to society was the advancement of human knowledge, doing science for the sake of science itself. In hisown words We are very satisfied that we have been able to add to worlds knowledge at a very fundamental level.He now holds theGordon and Patricia Gray Chair in Particle Astrophysicsin Queens University.